Rurikovich Dinasty (IX-XVI cent)

Sorry, only birthdate of Ivan Grozny is known…

Ivan IV the Terrible (Grozny)

August 25, 1530

Kolomenskoye

March 18, 1584

Grand prince of Moscow (1533-84) and the first to be proclaimed tsar of Russia (from 1547).

 

Times of troubles (end XVI - beg. XVII cent)

No data is available.

Romanov Dinasty (XVI-XX cent)

Michael

July 22, 1596

Moscow

July 23, 1645

Tsar of Russia from 1613 to 1645 and founder of the Romanov dynasty.

Alexey ("the Quietest")

March 19, 1629

 Moscow

January 29, 1676

Tsar of Russia from 1645 to 1676

Fyodor III

May 30, 1661

 Moscow

April 27, 1682

Tsar of Russia (reigned 1676-82) who fostered the development of Western culture in Russia, thereby making it easier for his successor, Peter I to enact widespread reforms.

Ivan V

August 27, 1666

 Moscow

January 29, 1696

Nominal co-tsar of Russia from 1682 to 1696.

Sophia

September 27, 1657

 Moscow

July 14, 1704

Regent of Russia from 1682 to 1689.

Peter I ("the Great")

June 9, 1672

 Moscow

February 8, 1725

Tsar of Russia, who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V (1682-96) and alone thereafter (1696-1725) and who in 1721 was proclaimed emperor (*imperator*). (click here for chart)

Catherine I

April 15, 1684

?

May 17, 1727

Peasant woman of Baltic (probably Lithuanian) birth who became the second wife of Peter I and empress of Russia (1725-27).

Peter II

October 23, 1715

St. Petersburg

January 29, 1730

Emperor of Russia (1727-30)

Anna ("the Slut" - sorry)

January 28, 1693

Moscow

October 17, 1740

Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740.

Ivan VI

August 12, 1740

Moscow

July 5, 1764 (killed)

Infant Emperor of Russia (1740-41).

Elisabeth

December 18, 1709

Kolomenskoe

1762

Empress of Russia (1741-1762)

Peter III

February 21, 1728

Kiel Germany

1762 (killed)

Emperor of Russia (1761-1762) (click here for chart)

Catherine II ("the Great")

May 2, 1729

Stettin, Prussia [now Szczecin, Pol.]

November 17, 1796

German-born empress of Russia (1762-1796) (click here for chart)

Paul

October 1, 1754

St. Petersburg

March 23, 1801 (killed)

Emperor of Russia from 1796 to 1801.

Alexander I ("the Victorious")

December 23, 1777

St. Petersburg

December 1, 1825? (decided to retire?)

Emperor of Russia (1801-25), who alternately fought and befriended Napoleon I during the Napoleonic Wars but who was a leader of coalition that defeated the emperor of the France.

Nicholas I

July 6, 1796

Tsarskoye Selo, near St. Petersburg

March 2, 1855

(suicide?)

Russian emperor (1825-55), often considered the personification of classic autocracy; for his reactionary policies, he has been called the emperor who froze Russia for 30 years.

Alexander II ("the Liberator")

April 29, 1818

Moscow

March 13, 1881 (killed)

Emperor of Russia (1855-81). Liberal.

Alexander III ("the Peacemaker")

 

March 10, 1845

St. Petersburg

November 1, 1894

Emperor of Russia from 1881 to 1894, opponent of representative government, and supporter of Russian nationalism. He adopted programs, based on the concepts of Orthodoxy and autocracy. (click here for chart)

 Nicholas II ("the Bloody")

May 18, 1868

Tsarskoye Selo, near St. Petersburg

July 17, 1918 night Ekaterinburg

 

The last Russian emperor (1894-15.3.1917), generally judged as an inept and autocratic ruler. (click here for chart)

 

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